Rehabilitation post Acquired Brain injury (ABI)
Acquired Brain Injury is defined as damage to the brain that occurs later in life as a result of a Traumatic Brain Injury or a Non-traumatic Brain Injury.
Causes of ABI include: cerebral infarct, brain haemorrhage, brain injury following trauma, MS, Parkinson’s disease, tumor, radiation, chemotherapy and meningitis. The consequences are usually very diverse and far-reaching such as loss of muscle power, spasticity or muscle failure, cognitive problems, (attention, concentration) and socio-emotional problems (anxiety, fatigue).
Rehabilitation and treatment
The treatment starts with an intake interview with your rehabilitation physician and a specialised physiotherapist. They will establish problems and limitations and examine all possibilities. The team will consider the objectives and then set up a treatment plan with the patient. In addition to individual treatment, there can also be group training in the rehabilitation room and/or the swimming pool.
During the treatment, you will be supported by a team consisting of your rehabilitation doctor, neuropsychologist, neurologist, physiotherapist, occupational therapist, acupuncturist, podologist, orthopaedic technician and psychotherapist.
During physiotherapeutic treatment the emphasis is on improving coordinated movements, physical endurance, mobility of the joints, reducing spasticity and improving muscle function or strength. A lot of attention is paid to relearning to walk, getting up, balance and stability. Inactivity and fatigue are also addressed.
Cognitive rehabilitation treatment is used to rehabilitate thinking skills (e.g. attention, memory) impaired by a brain injury. Cognitive deficits may manifest in different ways including confusion, memory problems, decreased mental ability, loss of coordination, perception and language. Emotional disorders can also occur. This leads to restrictions in behaviour and possibly in independence, working, dealing with people, driving a car and other daily activities.
The involvement of carers and loved ones in the treatment is important. They will be informed of all the stops on the road that a patient will take on their way to rehabilitation. They are also very much affected. We are aware that changes in emotions and personality are common in stroke. Long-term emotional and personality changes van be very challenging for the affected person but also for people close to him or her. Support for carers is also available. The patient will not always be able to explain things or express their emotions or make clear what they are experiencing, which sometimes leads to frustration in the patient and the carer.
Rehabilitation center Medifit has a specialized team for the treatment of patients with Acquired Brain Injury (ABI). The treatment focuses on promoting recovery, but also on learning to deal with the limitations and finding suitable solutions. The aim of the treatment is that you, despite the limitations, become as independent as possible in your own environment.